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VO+Net: An Adaptive Approach Using Variational Optimization and Deep Learning for Panchromatic Sharpening

Zhong-Cheng Wu, Ting-Zhu Huang*, Liang-Jian Deng*, Jin-Fan Hu, Gemine Vivone


Paper & Code


Pansharpening refers to a spatio-spectral fusion of a lower spatial resolution multispectral image with a high spatial resolution panchromatic image, aiming at obtaining an image with a corresponding high resolution both in the domains. In this paper, we propose a generic fusion framework that is able to weightedly combine variational optimization (VO) with deep learning (DL) for the task of pansharpening, where these crucial weights directly determining the relative contribution of DL to each pixel are estimated adaptively. This framework can benefit from both VO and DL approaches, e.g., the good modeling explanation and data generalization of a VO approach with the high accuracy of a DL technique thanks to massive data training. The proposed method can be divided into three parts: i) For the VO modeling, a general details injection term inspired by the classical multi-resolution analysis is proposed as a spatial fidelity term and a spectral fidelity employing the multispectral sensor’s modulation transfer functions is also incorporated; ii) For the DL injection, a weighted regularization term is designed to introduce deep learning into the variational model; iii) The final convex optimization problem is efficiently solved by the designed alternating direction method of multipliers. Extensive experiments both at reduced and full resolution demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms recent state-of-the-art pansharpening methods, especially showing a higher accuracy and a significant generalization ability.


The flowchart of VO+Net method for multispectral image pansharpening




Bib Citation

author={Z. C. Wu and T. Z. Huang and L. J. Deng and J. F. Hu and G. Vivone},
journal={IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing},
title={VO+Net: An Adaptive Approach Using Variational Optimization and Deep Learning for Panchromatic Sharpening},